“In 1901 The Liberal Government of Ontario ratified the The Voluntary Land Grant Agreement Act which sought to kickstart a settlement process by rewarding veterans of the Boer War and Fenian Raids with 160-acre grants of free land in townships that it would set aside in Northern Ontario specifically for this purpose.”- Smart Globalization: The Canadian Business and Economic History Experience
“Since the late 1970s, Northern Ontario’s mining, forest and tourism industries have been declining… Economic uncertainty crept across the Northern Ontario landscape in the late 1970s and early 1980s as increased automation, rising fuel costs and a high Canadian dollar dramatically affected the mining, forest and tourism industries. Factually, “the region’s population declined by over 40,000 people between 1996 and 2001, as compared to the dramatic growth in Greater Toronto Area (GTA) which experienced a 9.8 percent increase in the same period. Various Industry Canada/FedNor and Ministry of Northern Development and Mines (MNDM) programs attacked this problem by providing access to capital. Scholars contend a long-term strategy must be in place to support businesses through the economic ups and downs of the region and calls for Canada and Ontario to work more closely together to increase efficiencies, improve expertise and provide better service for their business clients.” – Access to capital in Northern Ontario: Are we getting it right?
The above hyperlinked paper discusses the evaluation structures of the policies/programs implemented to better the economic conditions in Northern Ontario. OEDS holds that a nonprofit-public partnership facilitating access to equity crowdfunding would be a positive solution to insufficient access to capital in Northern Ontario, while keeping bank risk low and at a minimal cost to government.
From 1942 to 1992, Northern Ontario’s draught beer market was shielded from outside competition. For 30 years, this was done by a gentlemen’s agreement among brewers, but in 1972, the Ontario government took the extraordinary step of enforcing a legal monopoly for what was then the only brewer in the region, Doran’s Northern Breweries. Changes in Ontario’s political economy and consumer attitudes towards regulation over the next 20 years undermined the monopoly and brought it to an end in 1992. – Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’études canadiennes – Volume 47, Number 2, Spring 2013
The following study looks at homelessness in Canada, with attention to overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in the homeless population of Kenora, Ontario: Rural Aboriginal Homelessness in Canada: Kenora & other Canada region case studies.